Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) / Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Last month I wrote about Speech Problem and Hyperactivity in Children and the possible causes for it.

Today let’s discuss about a developmental disorder usually detected in childhood, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) which is characterized by Hyperactivity, Impulsivity and Inattention.

The diagnosis is established by satisfying certain specific criteria and also associated with other neurological, significant behavioral and developmental / learning disabilities.

ADD / ADHD occur two to four times more commonly in boys than girls. While previously believed to be “outgrown” by adulthood, current research states that many children will continue throughout life with symptoms that may affect both occupational and social functioning.

Cause of ADD / ADHD: The exact cause of ADD / ADHD is not identified and defines as of now and there are several debates / articles written on them. One theory is derived from observations based on variation in functional brain imagining studies between those with and without symptoms.

Symptoms in a Child:


  • Often does not pay close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities.
  • Has difficulty focusing attention in tasks or play activities.
  • Often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly.
  • Often does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork or daily routine activities
  • Often has difficulty organizing tasks and activities.
  • Often avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort (such as schoolwork or homework).
  • Often loses things necessary for tasks / activities like toys, school assignments, pencils, books, or tools.
  • Easily distracted


  • Often fidgets with his / her hands or feet
  • Often leaves his / her seat in the classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected.
  • Often runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which it is inappropriate.
  • Often has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly.
  • Often talks excessively.


  • Often blurts out answers before questions have been completed.
  • Has difficulty awaiting his / her turn.
  • Often interrupts or intrudes on others (for example, butts into conversations or games).

If the child shows at least 6 or more of the above mentioned Symptoms (Inattention, Hyperactivity and Impulsivity) continuously for at least 6 months then he / she can have ADD / ADHD. Various Behavioral Correction Therapies can be used to minimize the symptoms. But do consultant a Specialist before going for Medications and Correctional Therapies.

My suggestion to all parents, see to it that the child gets diagnosed properly and thoroughly if you see some of the above mentioned symptoms in your child.

One more thing, be patient with the kid and try to understand his / her sentiments & actions. Make the child understand various things slowly and try to be a friend more than a parent.

Last 5 posts by Malini


  1. sarmila.basu

    very useful post.. lot of kids are suffring with ADHD.. thanks for sharing..

  2. Khushi

    Very useful post Malini. This is a contrversial topic, specially around medication. Thank you for bringing this up.

  3. Pry

    Malini- Do you support treating ADHD with medicine? Here in U.S Drs prescribe medicines for it..Not so much in India..What do you think???

  4. Malini

    Thanks Sarmila and Khushi….

    As to Pry’s query, I really can’t say about medicine…
    all I can say that my kid showed a lot of the symptoms at around 2 years and still I can see a lot of the other symptoms in him (he’s 4+)….when we consulted a doctor on hearing & speech problem, he suggested to go for some tests and also suggested a therapist.
    The therapist first observed him and suggested a lot of ways to make him sit in a place (which is still a problem with my kid) and engage the child in various activities to develop the motor skills and enhance his speaking power…….but he never suggested any medicine……

  5. Yasmin

    I have read that the Omega 3 fatty acids found in fish are very helpful and have a calming effect on the brain, along with other suplements like vitamin B, Magnesium etc. Homeopathic medicines also help a lot. Other medicines like Ritalin (often used in treating severe ADHD) can have serious side effects.

  6. Malini

    Thank you Yasmin for sharing this information.

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